ADHD in teens
ADHD in teens defined
ADHD in teens is characterized by the same symptoms displayed in ADHD during childhood- inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. ADHD in teens, however, usually displays hyperactivity in a more subtle fashion. As teens are expected to act more and more independently, ADHD in teens may intensify problems with schoolwork.
ADHD in teens is oftentimes related to problems in “executive functioning”. Executive functioning is the functions in the brain that organize, activate and manage other functions within the body. They help teens see long term consequences and act accordingly to them. Because of this, ADHD in teens causes teens to lack the ability to plan ahead for things- including schoolwork, social plans, etc.
ADHD in teens can be hard to diagnose if ADHD was not diagnosed for an individual during childhood. Many of the DSM-IV criteria are catered to a diagnosis for children and may not be applicable for ADHD in teens. Additionally, symptoms related to ADHD must be present prior to the age of seven. It is oftentimes difficult to remember behavior from young childhood, which makes diagnosis difficult.
Trails Carolina and ADHD in teens
Trails Carolina, a wilderness therapy program for teens ages 10-17, takes teens out of the hectic, chaotic environment they live in and into a wilderness setting without any distractions. There, ADHD in teens is treated through a combination of wilderness therapy, evidence-based psychotherapy, and clinical theory.
Trails Carolina has a seasoned, caring staff trained specifically to help ADHD in teens and other struggles. Trails Carolina offers a combination of individual, family, and group therapy. It also offers equine therapy, which helps ADHD in teens because teens develop close relationships with the horses.
The program geared towards ADHD takes place in a natural setting with natural consequences for positive and negative behavior. If teens act with impulsivity, there isn’t anything in nature than can help them except themselves. Wilderness therapy helps treat ADHD in teens because of this.
A 2012 study found that getting treatment for ADHD, reduces the risk of teens turning into future criminals. Out of 25,656 patients with a diagnosis of ADHD, men were 32 percent less likely to commit criminal acts after treatment and women were 41 percent less likely.
An article on NPR discusses the slight increase in risk of adopted children having ADHD and other behavioral disorders. The researchers conducting the study finding this result studied 692 adolescents. Out of every 100 non-adopted teen, 7 had ADHD. For adopted teens, this number rose to 15.